The NCUA Quarterly U.S. Map Review for the fourth quarter of 2020 covers several key indicators of the financial health and viability of federally insured credit unions, including:1
- Median four-quarter growth in assets,
- Median four-quarter growth in shares and deposits,
- Median four-quarter growth in members,
- Median four-quarter growth in loans,
- Median delinquent loans as a share of total loans,
- Median loans outstanding as a share of total shares and deposits,
- Median year-to-date return on average assets, and
- Share of federally insured credit unions with positive year-to-date net income.
Four-quarter growth is the growth from the end of the fourth quarter of 2019 through the fourth quarter of 2020. Most maps shown in this review display medians, or the 50th percentile of the distribution of the variable. In other words, for a given metric, half of all credit unions had a value at or above the median, while the other half had a value that was less than or equal to the median.2
Data presented in this review are rounded. Unless otherwise noted, indicators in percentages are rounded to the nearest tenth of a percentage point, while indicators in basis points are rounded to the nearest basis point. In the legends, the data range in each color band excludes the value of the lower bound but includes the value of the upper bound of the range. Credit unions are included in their states of chartering or the states in which their headquarters are located.
NCUA makes information about the financial performance of federally insured credit unions available through its online Research a Credit Union tool. Through this link, you can locate information contained in an individual credit union’s Call Report as well as obtain a Financial Performance Report and summary documents about a credit union’s performance.
For comments or suggestions about the NCUA Quarterly U.S. Map Review, please send an email to email@example.com.
Median Annual Asset Growth
|State / Territory||Median Annual Asset Growth|
- Nationally, median asset growth over the year ending in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 14.2 percent. In other words, half of all federally insured credit unions had asset growth at or above 14.2 percent and half had asset growth of 14.2 percent or less. In the year ending in the fourth quarter of 2019, the median growth rate in assets was 2.8 percent.
- Over the year ending in the fourth quarter of 2020, median asset growth was highest in Oregon (21.4 percent) and Nevada (20.3 percent).
- At the median, assets grew the least in Washington, D.C. (7.5 percent) and Arkansas (8.8 percent).
Median Annual Share and Deposit Growth
|State / Territory||Median Annual Share and Deposit Growth|
- Nationally, median growth in shares and deposits over the year ending in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 15.9 percent. In the year ending in the fourth quarter of 2019, the median growth rate in shares and deposits was 2.6 percent.
- Over the year ending in the fourth quarter of 2020, median growth in shares and deposits was highest in Oregon (23.1 percent) and Vermont (22.3 percent).
- At the median, shares and deposits grew the least in Washington, D.C. (8.6 percent) and Arkansas (10.5 percent).
Median Annual Membership Growth
|State / Territory||Median Annual Membership Growth|
- While overall membership in federally insured credit unions continued to grow during the year ending in the fourth quarter of 2020, at the median, membership declined 0.5 percent. Membership was unchanged at the median over the year ending in the fourth quarter of 2019. Overall, fifty-six percent of federally insured credit unions had fewer members at the end of the fourth quarter of 2020 than a year earlier. Credit unions with falling membership tend to be small; 65 percent had less than $50 million in assets.
- Over the year ending in the fourth quarter of 2020, credit unions headquartered in Alaska (3.7 percent) and Idaho (2.3 percent) posted the highest median membership growth rates.
- In 31 states and Washington, D.C., the median membership growth rate for federally insured credit unions was negative. At the median, membership declined the most in New Jersey (-2.4 percent) and Massachusetts (-1.4 percent).
Median Annual Loan Growth
|State / Territory||Median Annual Loan Growth|
- Nationally, loans outstanding declined 0.9 percent at the median over the year ending in the fourth quarter of 2020. During the previous year, loans grew by 3.1 percent at the median.
- Over the year ending in the fourth quarter of 2020, median loan growth was strongest in Alaska (7.2 percent) and Idaho (7.0 percent).
- In 25 states and Washington, D.C., the median loan growth rate for federally insured credit unions was negative. At the median, loans outstanding declined the most in New Jersey (-8.1 percent) and Delaware (-6.2 percent).
Median Total Delinquency Rate
|State / Territory||Median Total Delinquency Rate|
- At the end of the fourth quarter of 2020, the median total delinquency rate among federally insured credit unions was 51 basis points, compared to 66 basis points in the fourth quarter of 2019.
- At the end of the fourth quarter of 2020, the median delinquency rate was highest in New Jersey (121 basis points) and Vermont (85 basis points).
- The median delinquency rate was lowest in Rhode Island (21 basis points) and Oregon (22 basis points).
Median Loan-to-Share Ratio
|State / Territory||Median Loan-to-Share Ratio|
Loan-to-share ratios are rounded to the nearest percentage point.
- Nationally, the median ratio of total loans outstanding to total shares and deposits (the loan-to-share ratio) was 61 percent at the end of the fourth quarter of 2020. At the end of the fourth quarter of 2019, the median loan-to-share ratio was 71 percent.
- The median loan-to-share ratio was highest in Idaho (78 percent), followed by Vermont and Wyoming (both 77 percent).
- The median loan-to-share ratio was lowest in Delaware and New Jersey (both 43 percent), followed by Hawaii and Pennsylvania (both 45 percent).
Median Return on Average Assets
|State / Territory||Median Return on Average Assets|
- Nationally, the median return on average assets at federally insured credit unions was 40 basis points in 2020, compared to 60 basis points during 2019.
- Idaho (86 basis points) and Utah (71 basis points) had the highest median returns on average assets during 2020.
- Washington, D.C. (17 basis points) and New Jersey (18 basis points) had the lowest median returns on average assets during that time.
Share of Credit Unions with Positive Net Income
|State / Territory||Share of Credit Unions with Positive Net Income|
Shares on this page are rounded to the nearest percentage point.
- Nationally, 83 percent of federally insured credit unions had positive net income in 2020, compared to 88 percent during 2019.
- At least 65 percent of credit unions in every state and Washington, D.C. had positive net income during 2020.
- The share of federally insured credit unions with positive net income was highest in New Mexico and Washington (both 98 percent), followed by Montana and Oregon (both 96 percent).
- The share was lowest in Kansas (69 percent), followed by Connecticut and Maryland (both 70 percent).
Tables and Downloads
1 Overseas territories—Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands— are included in the calculations of the U.S. statistics and the maps and reported in the summary indicators tables at the end of this report. Due to the small number of credit unions in each, however, they are not represented in the text.
2 Technically, by construction of the median, there can be several credit unions “tied” at the median value.